Marcel Breuer 
This biography is from The Modern Homes Survey of New Canaan Ct website,
it is a great site on the modern homes of that area.

 

Born Lajos Breuer in 1902 in Pecs, Hungary, In 1920, he set off for Vienna to study art but disliked the atmosphere of the Vienna Academy of Fine Arts. His next move was to the Bauhaus School in Weimer, Germany, where he enrolled as a student in 1921. The Bauhaus School, founded by Walter Gropius (1883-1969), was known for combining the teaching of arts with technology.

After graduating from the Bauhaus with a Masters of Architecture degree in 1924, Breuer moved to Paris to pursue architectural studies. Gropius invited Breuer back to the Bauhaus in 1925 to work as the Master of the Carpentry Shop, where he made his first great impressions on the world of design with his modular furniture. His most famous furniture design was the iconic tubular steel chair inspired by bicycle handlebars. Breuer stayed in Germany until 1935, continuing his work in furniture, interior design, and architecture.

He immigrated to the United States in 1937 after Walter Gropius invited him to teach architecture at the newly established Harvard University Graduate School of Design. Breuer's students included I.M. Pei (1917- ), Philip Johnson (1906-2005), and Paul Rudolph (1918-1977). Through his roles as teacher and Gropius's business partner, Breuer became a highly influential member of the Modern movement. He was instrumental in revolutionizing architectural education in the United States by promoting and implementing Bauhaus concepts.

Breuer moved to New York City in 1946 and was persuaded by former student Eliot Noyes (1910-1977) to consider building a home in New Canaan, Connecticut. Breuer purchased property on Sunset Hill Road and completed his first house in New Canaan in 1947. Unlike many of the other New Canaan Modern architects, he kept his primary residence in New York City and used his New Canaan house as a weekend and vacation retreat. He later built a second house, Breuer House 2, for his family in New Canaan. Because of poor health, Breuer sold his house in New Canaan in 1972 and moved permanently back to Manhattan. Marcel Breuer was one of the most influential teachers and architects of the Modern movement in America. His most renowned works include St. John's Abbey in Collegeville, Minnesota (1953), the UNESCO World Headquarters in Paris (1955-58, in conjunction with Pier Luigi Nervi and Bernard Zehrfuss), the IBM Research Center in La Gaude, France (1960-62), the Whitney Museum of American Art in New York City (1964-66), and the Armstrong Rubber Company Headquarters in West Haven, Connecticut (1968-70). The American Institute of Architects awarded him the Gold Medal in 1968 and l'Acad?mie d'Architecture in France awarded him the Grande M?daille d'Or in 1976. Breuer was also honored with the first one-man show for a living American architect at the Metropolitan Museum of Art in 1972-73, and a one-man exhibition at the Museum of Modern Art in 1981. Breuer died in New York City in 1981.

Fisher Residence Bucks County 1947



 
     
Garage designed by Walter Gropius along with house on adjacent property in 1938


relationship of Gropius garage to Breuer house
  



Sold Summer 2016
This is Marcel Breuer's Levy House with its earliest section dating to 1953. Known to scholars and followers of Mid-Century Modern houses, this fully evolved Breuer residence has two additions by the master architect and brings to life the very premise of good, affordable design that could be adapted and expanded with the needs of the owners. Furthermore, since it has been in the same family since construction, Breuer's principles have been upheld and cherished making it perhaps the purest surviving example of Breuer's residential work. Highlights include windows surrounded by polished hardwoods, glowing wood floors, built-in bookcases and accent windows. Perhaps most striking are the stairs made of thick wood planks and Breuer's signature metal stair rail. Or maybe it is the original paint colors on accent walls and ceilings.




Breuer personal residence, also built 1947, in New Canaan CT, similar to the Fisher but larger in scale


the other Marcel Breuer of the Philadelphia area in NJ also from 1947



Index to MODERN HOMES PHILADELPHIA History Pages

Overview of Philadelphia Area Mid-Century Modern Residential Architecture  (below on this page)   Photo overview   followed by brief written overview of Philadelphia mid-century architects  .

Time Line  of area modern homes from 1930's to today
  
 Mid-Century Modern Homes
 
Architects Who Designed Mid-Century Modern Homes in the Philadelphia Region    
 photographs of the regional homes designed by each architect are included
 
 Allan Berkowitz  Louis Kahn  George Nakashima
 Edward Bernstein  Vincent Kling  Richard Neutra
 Robert Bishop  Thaddeus Longstreth  Norman Rice
Frank Boyer  William Lescaze  Paul Rudolph
 Marcel Breuer  Joel Levinson  Galen Schlosser
 Armand Carroll  Thomas Mangan  Harry Sternfeld
 Albert Clauss  Irving Maitin  Irwin Stein
 Nathan Cronheim  George Mebus  Oscar Stonorov
 George Daub  Ehrman Mitchell  Frank Weise
 Kenneth Day  Newcomb Montgomery  Frank Lloyd Wright
     
Agoos/ Lovera LaVardera, Greg Re:Vision Architecture
Bloomfield and Associates M. G. Leach Rosenblum, Martin
Bower Lewis Thrower Metcalfe Architecture Stanev Potts
Culbert, Doug McDonald, Tim/Onion Flats Tarantino Studio
Erdy McHenry Moto Design Shop Verner, Steven
Interface Studio QB3 Webber, Brett
Jibe Design Michael Ryan Architects Wesley Wei Architects
Kieran Timberlake Rasmussen/Su Wesley Architects
Krieger & Associates
Wyant Architecture






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